Section 175-70 PERFORMANCE STANDARDS.
The following performance standards shall apply to all uses within the I-2 Industrial Employment District:
1. No continuous, frequent or repetitive vibrations shall be produced which are discernible to a person of normal sensitivities, without instruments, on land that is not zoned for industrial uses.
2. Vibrations from temporary construction and vehicles leaving the property (such as trucks or trains) are excluded. Vibrations from on-site equipment or vehicles that remain primarily on-site are included.
3. Vibrations of no more than five (5) minutes in any one (1) day between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m. shall not be deemed continuous, frequent or repetitive.
B. Glare: Any operation or activity producing intense light or glare shall be performed in such a manner as not to create a glare effect across lot lines. Direct illumination from any source shall be screened from adjoining properties.
1. Heat from an industrial use shall not at any time cause a temperature increase in the air on any adjacent property in excess of ten degrees Fahrenheit (10 F.).
2. Heat from an industrial use shall not at any time cause a temperature increase in a stream, wetland, lake or any other body of water, at or beyond the property line of the lot on which it is located, that would have an adverse effect on any aquatic life.
D. Liquid or solid wastes:
1. No industrial use shall result in the discharge of liquid or solid waste into any public sewer, private sewage system, public waters or into the ground except in compliance with applicable federal, state or local laws governing such discharge.
2. There shall be no accumulation outdoors of solid wastes conducive to the breeding of rodents or insects.
3. All discharges into any public sewer shall comply with the provisions of Section 134-2, et seq.
E. Smoke and particulate matter:
1. Open storage and open processing operations, including on-site transportation movements which are the source of windborne dust or other particulate matter or which involve dust or other particulate air contaminant generating equipment (such as used in paint spraying, grain handling, sand or gravel processing or sandblasting) shall be conducted so that dust and other particulate air contaminants are not transported in visible quantities across the boundary line of the tract on which the industrial use is located.
2. All industrial uses shall comply with state and federal air pollution control regulations.
F. Toxic and hazardous materials:
1. All toxic and hazardous materials used in industrial operations shall be registered with the Front Royal Fire Department for purposes of safety.
2. Activities involving the storage or use of materials or products which decompose by detonation shall be registered with the Front Royal Fire Department.
3. Explosives shall be stored, used and manufactured in accordance with applicable state and federal regulations.
1. No continuous, frequent or repetitive emission of odors or odor-causing substances of such intensity and character as to be detrimental to the health and welfare of the public or neighboring landowners or to interfere with the comfort of the public or neighboring landowners at or beyond the property line shall be permitted. Any such odor or odor causing activity or substance shall be removed, stopped or so modified as to remove the odor.
2. An odor which is evident no more than once in any one (1) day for a period not exceeding five minutes shall not be deemed as continuous, frequent or repetitive within the meaning of these regulations.
1. No industrial activity shall generate noise that tends to have an annoying or disruptive effect upon uses located beyond the property boundary.
2. Where technical evidence of violation is warranted, sound levels shall be measured at locations specified in Section 175-71 with a sound level meter and associated octave band filter, manufactured in accordance with the American Standards Association. Measurements shall be made using the flat network of the sound level meter. No sound pressure level shall exceed the decibel levels in the octave bands shown herein.
3. Maximum permitted sound levels (in decibels):
Octave Band Cycles Maximum Permitted
Per Second Sound Level
0 to 75 72
75 to 150 67
150 to 300 59
300 to 600 52
600 to 1200 46
1200 to 2400 41
2400 to 4800 38
Above 4800 35
4. Noise resulting from temporary construction activity between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m. shall be exempt from this section.
1. All processing, manufacturing, fabrication, production and similar activities shall be conducted wholly within a completely enclosed building or within an area enclosed on all sides by a solid masonry wall or a uniformly-colored solid fence that provides adequate screening from public view. All exterior storage shall be similarly screened on a perpetual basis from public view or screened by dense evergreen planting at least six (6) feet in height beginning at the time of planting.
2. All sites and parking areas shall be landscaped in accordance with the provisions of Sections 148-46, 148-47 and 148-48.
and junkyards, including those in existence at the time of the
adoption of this chapter, shall completely screen, on any side open to
from a public road, the operation or use by a solid masonry wall, a
solid fence or dense evergreen plantings at least six (6) feet in
at the time of planting.
(Ord. No. Z-2-95 Added Entire Section 1-23-95-Effective Upon Passage)